about 70 percent of African-American children, 60 percent of Latino children and 40 percent of white children are nonswimmers. Lack of access and financial constraints account only partly for these numbers. Fear, cultural factors and even cosmetic issues play a role as well.
“Before the Civil War, more blacks than whites could swim,” Lynn
Sherr, the author of “Swim: Why We Love the Water,” said in an
interview. “There are many stories of shipwrecks in which black slaves
rescued their owners.”
But as Ms. Sherr learned from Bruce Wigo of the International Swimming Hall of Fame,
segregation destroyed the aquatic culture of the black community. “Once
whites discovered swimming, blacks were increasingly excluded from
public pools and lifeguarded beaches,” Mr. Wigo told her.
As a result, many minority parents never learned how to swim. [Read more]